027-87830012 13296669736

机械翻译专业词汇-4

点击次数:323 次  更新时间:2018-12-05

热塑塑料thermoplastic plastics

热固性塑料thermosetting plastics

尼龙nylon

纯料粘合剂binder

胶布rubberized cloth

玻璃布glass cloth

人造革leatherette

樟脑camphor

(氧化)硅胶silica gel

石膏gypsum

木纤维wood pulp

巴拉塔树胶balata

胶木(电木)bakelite

布纹纸wove paper

蜡wax

鲸蜡spermaceti

蜂蜡beeswax

人造胶革artificial leather

毛玻璃ground glass

生皮raw hide

麂皮chamois

醋酸纤维(脂)cellulose acetate

赛璐酚cellophane

赛璐珞celluloid

毛毡粗毛毡rough felt

粗羊毛rough wool

人造羊毛artificial wool

石棉asbestos

石棉布asbestos linen

石棉纤维asbestos fiber

石棉带asbestos band

石棉纸asbestos paper

石棉板asbestos board

石棉织物asbestos web

石棉钢片asbestos steel leaf

软木cork

防水纸板impermeable carton

衬垫纸packing paper

纤维纸板fiber carton

瓦楞纸crimp paper

胶泥cement gum

胶glue(gum)

虫胶shellac

皮胶hide glue

骨胶bone gum

胶乳溶剂solvent

酯类溶剂esters solvent

酮类溶剂ketones solvent

醇类溶剂alcohols solvent

醚类溶剂ether solvent

溶合溶剂blend solvent

清洗剂wash solution

王水aqua regia

水玻璃sodium silicate

白铁galvanized iron

电解液electrolyte

阳极电解液anolyte

阴极电解液catholyte

分散剂dispersing agent

去垢剂detergent

光亮剂brightener

防腐剂aseptic

添加剂additon agent

阻蚀剂inhibitor

盐酸hydrochloric acid

硫酸sulfuric acid

硫酸亚铁打磨膏grinding paster

抛光膏polishing paster

抛光液polishing agent

热处理heat treatment

金属热处理metal heat treatment

组织转变structrue tranformation

形变热处理ausforming

稳定化处理stabilization treatment

预备热处理preparing heat treatment

最终热处理finish heat treatment

金属表面强化处理metal case hardening

真空热处理vacuum heat treatment

化学热处理chemical -heat treatment

完全退火complete annealing

不完全退火imncomplete annealing

等温退火isothermal annealing

再结晶退火recrystallizational annealing

低温退火low temperature annealing

扩散退火diffusion annealing

球化退火shpheroidizing annealing

等温转变isothermal transformation

正火淬火hardening

单液淬火one-liquid hardening

双液淬火two-liquid hardening

分级淬火marquenching

等温淬火isothermal hardenning

局部淬火local hardening

喷雾淬火spraying hardening

高频表面淬火high frequency case hardening

火焰加热表面淬火flame case hardening

高温回火high temperature tempering

低温回火low temperature tempering

中温回火medium temperature tempering

回火脆性temper brittleness

自身回火self tempering

冷处理cold treatment

时效ageing

氧化脱碳oxidation and decarbonization

过热与过燃烧overheat and overcrook

渗碳carburizing

真空渗碳vacuum carburizing

渗氮(氮化)nitriding

碳氮共渗(氰化)软氮化tufftride

离子氮化ion-nitriding

氰化cyaniding

激光热处理lasering heat treatmetn

氧化处理oxidation treatment

发蓝处理blueing

磷化处理phosphating

蒸气处理steam treatment

渗铝aluminizing

渗硼boronizing

硫化sulphurizing

表面抛光surface polishing

镀覆热处理plating and heat treatment

喷涂spraying

离子束注入ion injection

化学气相沉积法chemical vaporous depositon

物理气相沉积法physical vaporous deosition

喷镀sputter

电镀electroplate

调质hardening and high temperature tempering

韧度toughness

红硬性脆性brittleness

冷脆性cold brittleness

淬硬性(淬透性)hardenability

金相学metallography

宏观组织macro-structure

显微组织micro-structure

低倍照相macrography

金相图phase diagram

奥氏体austenite

马氏体martensite

珠光体pealite

贝氏体bainite

铁素体ferrite

索氏体sorbite

屈氏体troostite

渗碳体cementite

莱氏体ledeburite

临界点critical point

白点flake

晶体大小grain size

再结晶recrystallization

离析性共晶eutectic

热处理炉heat treatment furnace

加热炉heating frunace

分批炉batch furnace

反射炉reverberatory furnace

电炉electric furnace

电阻炉resistance furnace

马弗炉box furnace(muffle furnace)

井式炉shaft furnace

油炉oil-fired furnace

坑式炉low-shaft furnace

连续炉continous furnace

真空炉vacuum furnace

退火炉annealing furnace

高频炉high-frequency furnace

渗碳炉carburizing furnace

感应炉induction furnace

滚式炉roller hearth oven

煤气炉gas-fired furnace

台车式炉truck-loading furnace

炉床hearth

退火箱淬火槽quenching bach


渗碳箱technical service

油槽sump

喷沙机sander

喷丸室shot blast chamber

硬度计(回跳,肖氏)sclerometer

肖氏硬度计shore hardness tester

红外线高温计infrared pyrometer

汽车维护vehicle maintenance

汽车修理vehicle repair

汽车维护制度system of vehicle maintenance and repair

汽车维修性maintainability of vehicle

汽车技术状况technical condition of vehicle

汽车完好技术状况good condition of vehicle

汽车不良状况bad condition of vehicle

汽车工作能力working ability of vehicle

汽车技术状况参数parameters for technical condition of vehicle

汽车极限技术状况limiting condition of vehicle

汽车技术状况变化规律regularity for change of technical condition of vehicle

运行缺陷operational defect

制造缺陷manufacturing defect

设计缺陷事故性缺陷accidental defect

汽车耗损vehicle wear-out

汽车零件磨损wear of vehicle part

磨损过程wear process

正常磨损normal wear

极限磨损limiting wear

允许磨损permissible wear

磨损率wear rate

机械磨损mechanical wear

化学磨损chemical wear

热磨损thermic wear

疲劳磨损fatigue wear

腐蚀性磨损corrosion wear

故障磨损failure wear

故障malfunctioning

断裂breakdown

损坏damage

更换(零件)replacing

擦伤scratching

刮伤scoring

点蚀pitting

粘附咬粘seizure

烧伤burning

穴蚀cavitation

老化ageing

疲劳fatigue

变形deformation

缺陷defect

汽车故障vehicle failure

完全故障complete failure

局部故障partial failure

致命故障critical failure

严重故障major failure

一般故障minor failure

汽车故障现象symptom of vehicle failure

抢气mixture robbery

呛油fuel fouling

盘车turning

飞车run way

工作粗暴rough running

早燃preignition

回火back fire

自燃现象爆震(爆燃)detonation

火花(点火)爆燃spark knock

燃料爆燃fuel knock(gas knock)

不发火(不点火)misfiring

调速不匀hunting

过度停顿flat spot

调速器工作不匀governor hunting

回流back flow

串气blow-by

稀释dilution

滤清器阻塞clogged filter

润滑超量overlubrication

(气缸)上油oil pumping

(柴油喷射系)渗漏滴油after dripping

(燃气系)气阻vapor lock

结胶gum deposit

敲缸knock

拉缸cylinder score

咬缸cylinder sticking

轴颈擦伤journal score

刮伤scuff

拉瓦(化油器)汽湿现象percolation

化油器结冰carburetor icing

活塞敲缸piston knock(piston slap)

活塞裙部挤扁collapse of piston skirt

气门挺杆发响tappet noise (valve knock)

汽门弹簧颤动valve spring surge

(蓄电池)硫化sulphation

(蓄电池)过度放电over discharge

(火花塞)铅沉积lead fouling

(火花塞)积碳carbon fouling

真空提前失效defective vacuum advance

高压线跳火错乱secondary wire crossfiring

转向反冲steering kickback

离合器炸裂clutch explosion

制动踏板发软spongy brake pedal

制动踏板费力hard pedal

制动器发响noisy brake

制动踏板过低low brake pedal

制动盘摆动disc runout

制动失效brake fade

减震器失效defective shock absorber

轮胎烧耗轮胎急速磨损peel rubber

漂滑效应hydro-planing (aqua-planing)

(由于紧急制动)紧急滑行impending skid

滑行充气不足under -inflation

异响abnormal knocking

泄漏leakage

过热overheat

失控out of control

乏力lack of power

污染超限illegal exhaust and noise

费油excessive consumption of fuel and oil

振抖fluttering

故障率failure rate

平均故障率的观察值observed mean failure rate

故障树型分析法fault tree analysis

汽车维护类别class of vehicle maintenance

定期维护periodic maintenance

季节性维护seasonal maintenance

技术保养technical service

清洗washing

技术检查保养里程service cycle

每日保养daily sevice

防护preserving

冬季保养winter check-up

夏季保养summer check-up

走合维护running -in maintenance

汽车修理类别class of vehicle repair

汽车大修major repair of vehicle

汽车中修medium repair of vehicle

汽车小修current repair of vehicle

总成修理unit repair

零件修理parts repair

计划修理scheduled repair

定期修理regulation repair

视情修理repari on techincal condition

非计划修理unscheduled repair

修复reconditioning

修理里程mileage between repair

拆开separating

拆下withdrawing

拆卸disassembling

校正装配fitting

重新装配reassembling

调整adjusting

单独修理individual repair

汽车报废motor vehicle liquidation

报废scrapping

汽车维护工艺technological process of vehicle maintenance

汽车维护作业operation of vehicle maintenance

汽车维护工艺过程technological process of vehicle maintenance

汽车修理工艺technology of vehicle repair

汽车修理工艺过程technological process of vehicle repair

技术检验technical checking

检视inspection

零件检验分类inspection and clasification of parts

走合、磨合running-in

冷磨合cold running-in

热磨合hot running-in

修理尺寸repair size

走(磨)合期running-in period

走(磨)合过程running -in process

走(磨)合工况running-in conditions

加速磨损期极限间隙limiting clearance

允许间隙permissible clearance

装配间隙assembling clearance

汽车维修工艺设备technological equipment of vehicle maintenance and repair

汽车维修技术标准technical standard of vehicle repair

汽车诊断vehicle diagnosis

汽车检测detecting test of vehicle

诊断参数diagnostic parameters

诊断规范diagnostic norms

汽车维修管理administration of vehicle maintenance

汽车维护方法method of vehicle maintenance

汽车维护流水作业法flow method of vehicle maintenance

汽车维护定位作业法method of vehicle maintenance on universal post

总成互换修理法unit exchange repairing method

周转总成reversible unit

混装修理法depersonalized repair method

就车修理法personalized repair method

汽车维修指标indices of vehicle maintenance and repair

汽车维护生产纲领production program of vehicle maintenance

汽车维修生产纲领production program of vehicle repair

汽车诊断周期period of vehicle diagnosis

汽车维护周期汽车维修竣工辆次number of vehicles being received from maintenance or repair

汽车大修平均在厂车日average days in plant during major of vehicles

汽车大修平均在修车日average days during major repair of vehicles

汽车维修平均工时average main-hours of vehicle maintenance and repair

汽车大修返修率returning rate of major repair of vehicle

汽车小修频率frequency of current repair of vehicles

汽车大修间隔里程average interval mileage of major repair of vehicles

汽车修理工人实物劳动生产率labor productivity of repair man


汽车维护企业enterprise of vehicle maintenance and repair

汽车维修场(站)maintenance depot (station )of vehicle

汽车修理厂vehicle repair plant

汽车总成修理厂unit repair plant for vehicle

汽车诊断站vehicle diagnostic station

汽车检测站detecting test station of vehicle

汽车维修网点network of vehicle maintenance and repair

汽车维修工具和设备instrument and device for vehicle maintenance and repair

螺丝刀screwdriver

花扳手ring spanner

锉刀file

双头扳手double-ended spanner

鲤鱼钳轮胎螺栓扳手wheel wrench

厚度规feeler gauge

杆式气缸量规bar-type cylinder gauge

气缸压力表cylinder compression gauge

活塞台钳piston vice

活塞加热器piston heater

活塞环工具piston ring tool

活塞环钳(活塞环拆装钳)piston ring pliers(piston ring tongs)

压环器piston ring compressor

花塞环锉piston ring file

活塞销拉器piston-pin extractor

连杆矫正器connecting rod alignment fixture

气门座刀具valve seat cutter

气门弹簧压缩器valve spring compressor

气门研磨工具valve grinding tool ( valve lapper)

调整气门间隙扳手tappet wrench

浮子室液面仪float level gauge

歧管压力表manifold pressure gauge set

点火正时灯(正时观测灯)ignition timing light (stroboscope)

燃烧分析仪combustion test

断电器触点闭合角dwell meter


新闻中心
电话:027-87830012
传真:027-87830012
手机:13296669736(24小时服务热线)
E-mail:whdy18@126.com
地址:武汉市武昌区东湖路10号水果湖广场A座1702
Copyright © 2016 武汉大洋翻译有限公司 All right reserved 备案号:鄂ICP备15007455号-1 技术支持:珞珈学子

鄂公网安备 42010602002841号

027-87830012
13296669736