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机械翻译专业词汇-4

点击次数:247 次  更新时间:2018-12-05

热塑塑料thermoplastic plastics

热固性塑料thermosetting plastics

尼龙nylon

纯料粘合剂binder

胶布rubberized cloth

玻璃布glass cloth

人造革leatherette

樟脑camphor

(氧化)硅胶silica gel

石膏gypsum

木纤维wood pulp

巴拉塔树胶balata

胶木(电木)bakelite

布纹纸wove paper

蜡wax

鲸蜡spermaceti

蜂蜡beeswax

人造胶革artificial leather

毛玻璃ground glass

生皮raw hide

麂皮chamois

醋酸纤维(脂)cellulose acetate

赛璐酚cellophane

赛璐珞celluloid

毛毡粗毛毡rough felt

粗羊毛rough wool

人造羊毛artificial wool

石棉asbestos

石棉布asbestos linen

石棉纤维asbestos fiber

石棉带asbestos band

石棉纸asbestos paper

石棉板asbestos board

石棉织物asbestos web

石棉钢片asbestos steel leaf

软木cork

防水纸板impermeable carton

衬垫纸packing paper

纤维纸板fiber carton

瓦楞纸crimp paper

胶泥cement gum

胶glue(gum)

虫胶shellac

 

皮胶hide glue

骨胶bone gum

胶乳溶剂solvent

酯类溶剂esters solvent

酮类溶剂ketones solvent

醇类溶剂alcohols solvent

醚类溶剂ether solvent

溶合溶剂blend solvent

清洗剂wash solution

王水aqua regia

水玻璃sodium silicate

白铁galvanized iron

电解液electrolyte

阳极电解液anolyte

阴极电解液catholyte

分散剂dispersing agent

去垢剂detergent

光亮剂brightener

防腐剂aseptic

添加剂additon agent

阻蚀剂inhibitor

盐酸hydrochloric acid

硫酸sulfuric acid

硫酸亚铁打磨膏grinding paster

抛光膏polishing paster

抛光液polishing agent

热处理heat treatment

金属热处理metal heat treatment

组织转变structrue tranformation

形变热处理ausforming

稳定化处理stabilization treatment

预备热处理preparing heat treatment

最终热处理finish heat treatment

金属表面强化处理metal case hardening

真空热处理vacuum heat treatment

化学热处理chemical -heat treatment

完全退火complete annealing

不完全退火imncomplete annealing

等温退火isothermal annealing

再结晶退火recrystallizational annealing

低温退火low temperature annealing

扩散退火diffusion annealing

球化退火shpheroidizing annealing

 

等温转变isothermal transformation

正火淬火hardening

单液淬火one-liquid hardening

双液淬火two-liquid hardening

分级淬火marquenching

等温淬火isothermal hardenning

局部淬火local hardening

喷雾淬火spraying hardening

高频表面淬火high frequency case hardening

火焰加热表面淬火flame case hardening

高温回火high temperature tempering

低温回火low temperature tempering

中温回火medium temperature tempering

回火脆性temper brittleness

自身回火self tempering

冷处理cold treatment

时效ageing

氧化脱碳oxidation and decarbonization

过热与过燃烧overheat and overcrook

渗碳carburizing

真空渗碳vacuum carburizing

渗氮(氮化)nitriding

碳氮共渗(氰化)软氮化tufftride

离子氮化ion-nitriding

氰化cyaniding

激光热处理lasering heat treatmetn

氧化处理oxidation treatment

发蓝处理blueing

磷化处理phosphating

蒸气处理steam treatment

渗铝aluminizing

渗硼boronizing

硫化sulphurizing

表面抛光surface polishing

镀覆热处理plating and heat treatment

喷涂spraying

离子束注入ion injection

化学气相沉积法chemical vaporous depositon

物理气相沉积法physical vaporous deosition

喷镀sputter

电镀electroplate

调质hardening and high temperature tempering

韧度toughness

红硬性脆性brittleness

冷脆性cold brittleness

淬硬性(淬透性)hardenability

金相学metallography

宏观组织macro-structure

显微组织micro-structure

低倍照相macrography

金相图phase diagram

奥氏体austenite

马氏体martensite

珠光体pealite

贝氏体bainite

铁素体ferrite

索氏体sorbite

屈氏体troostite

渗碳体cementite

莱氏体ledeburite

临界点critical point

白点flake

晶体大小grain size

再结晶recrystallization

离析性共晶eutectic

热处理炉heat treatment furnace

加热炉heating frunace

分批炉batch furnace

反射炉reverberatory furnace

电炉electric furnace

电阻炉resistance furnace

马弗炉box furnace(muffle furnace)

井式炉shaft furnace

油炉oil-fired furnace

坑式炉low-shaft furnace

连续炉continous furnace

真空炉vacuum furnace

退火炉annealing furnace

高频炉high-frequency furnace

渗碳炉carburizing furnace

感应炉induction furnace

滚式炉roller hearth oven

煤气炉gas-fired furnace

台车式炉truck-loading furnace

炉床hearth

退火箱淬火槽quenching bach

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